Nakuru Project

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LOCATION: Nakuru, Kenya.
ARCHITECTS: Orkidstudio.
CLIENT: The St Jerome’s Centre.
PROJECT DIRECTORS: James Mitchell, Tom Woodward, Guylee Simmonds, Gaynor Duthie, Paul Duffy
CONSTRUCTION PERIOD: 8 weeks, starting 7.19.14
TOTAL COST: £50,000
PHOTOS © Odysseas Mourtzouchos.


Built with a diverse group from a small Kikuyu community in the rapidly developing agricultural outskirts of Nakuru, Kenya, humanitarian design organization, Orkidstudio, have recently completed a new home which will house local disadvantaged and abandoned children. Challenging the typology of the typical African orphanage where children sleep en mass in large dormitories, the new home limits each room to just four children providing ample space and natural light, and is characterized by a range of different social spaces from open communal areas to quiet nooks and crannies offering space to study, read or simply relax.

Orkidstudio, whose focus is to benefit children and communities worldwide, operate with the belief that the process of design and construction can be a powerful tool for affecting social change and empowering people through the sharing of skills and knowledge on site.

The local area is widely populated with stone and concrete houses, many of which are typically left incomplete as their owners struggle to fund the materials to complete each phase. In response,the new home, known as the St Jerome’s Centre, is made from earthbags, utilizing the large quantities of soil generated from foundation, sanitation and rainwater storage excavation. The local soil,which has around 20% clay content, is packed into everyday grain bags and laid like oversized bricks to create deep, durable walls which also effectively absorb heat from the sun, helping regulate temperatures during the cooler nights.

Completed in just eight weeks and with added help from a small group of architecture students representing schools across the UK, there were as many as seventy people on site each day, including local women who worked alongside their male counterparts for an equal wage, setting a rare precedent for employment in the area. Many of the team, men and women, have since been approached for work in direct connection with the project, including a couple of commissions to build more earthbag homes and help pass on these skills to others.

The new home also features a timber cladding made from pillar cores, a by-product of veneer processing and a material which is often discarded as waste. Additionally, a rainwater harvesting system and integrated community tap provide a unique source of clean running water.


The children explore their new home.
Bedrooms are limited to just four children each and feature views across the local area.
Spacious bunk beds aim to ensure the top bunk isn't always best!
Local worker George Kuria, constructing the earthbag walls of the home.
Pre-assembled timber frames are lifted into position on the earthbag walls.